11th September 2001: A Tragic Date In History

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Yn Gymraeg // Welsh version

For the past twelve years, I’m pretty sure you have heard the date of 11th September a lot. Back in 2001, a series of attacks were launched by the Islamic terrorist group Al-Qaeda upon the United States of America – affecting New York City and the Washington, D.C.area.

On the day of the tragedy, four passenger airline planes were hijacked by terrorists. They then flew two of the planes into buildings, especially the World Trade Center. Within two hours, the World Trade Center collapsed; causing fires which resulted in partial or complete collapse of all other buildings in the complex and a lot of damage to other buildings that were near.

The third plane to crash was the American Airlines Flight 77, which crashed into the Pentagon (the headquarters of the United States Department of Defence) – this resulted in a partial collapse in its western side. The fourth plane was aimed at Washington, D.C., but crashed into a field in Pennsylvania after passengers attempted to fight back against the hijackers.

In total, over 3,000 people were killed in the attacks. This included the 227 civilians and 19 hijackers aboard the four planes.

Suspicion of the protagonist of the attacks immediately landed on Al-Qaeda. The group’s leader, Osama bin Laden, denied any involvement at first but, however, in 2004, he finally claimed responsibility for the attacks. America responded to the attacks by invading Afghanistan. A number of countries strengthened their anti-terrorism and law enforcement powers. In 2011, after hiding away for years, bin Laden was finally found and killed by US forces in May 2011. 

Ceremonies and events will be held in the Washington area to commemorate the 12th anniversary of the September 11th attacks including a private ceremony which will be held from 9:30 a.m to 11 a.m at the Pentagon Memorial for survivors and families of those who lost their lives in the attack on the Pentagon.

In New York, there is the National September 11th Memorial & Museum at the World Trade Centre. The overall aim of this museum is to remember and respect the thousands of innocent men, women, and children who were killed on September 11th, 2001.

Image: voiceseducation

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